British cuisine has always suffered from bad press. Traditional English food the simple homespun fare and plain preparation of most traditional British foods pale when compared to French haute cuisine, and it’s not uncommon for food critics to sound almost apologetic when writing about traditional British dishes as if there were something shameful in enjoying a good, thick joint of beef with an accompaniment of Yorkshire pudding. If they speak in glowing terms of anything at all, it is a nod to the clever naming of British foods, where dishes like bubble and squeak and spotted dick appear on restaurant menus.
And yet, for all the snickering and apologetic references, Traditional English food cuisine at its best is the hearty, delicious, simple fare on which to fuel the nation that influenced the entire world. There is no other nation in the world that does a roast of beef to such perfection, nor any better accompaniment to the succulent meat than a puffed, piping hot Yorkshire pudding prepared in its drippings, and few cuisines have a dessert that can compare with the pure heaven that is a well-made trifle or treacle tart.
Traditional English food cuisine is a blending of the practical with the nutritious. If it is, as some say, unimaginative, that may be because the food itself needs little imagination to fancy it up and make it palatable. It is certainly not because the British mind lacks imagination when it comes to food the common names for everyday meals sometimes require a translator just so you’ll know what’s on your plate.
A walk through a restaurant take-away menu offers such dishes as ‘mushy peas’, steak and kidney pie, fish and chips, and bangers and mash.
There are well-known British dishes for eating at each meal. Some of the most popular include:
A full English country breakfast includes meat, eggs, pancakes, or toast and side dishes like hash and bangers and mash. It’s hearty fare, the sort that is set on the table for dinner in most other cultures. It often includes leftovers from last night’s dinner, diced and fried together with seasonings and butter, sometimes called a country hash.
The tradition of mid-afternoon tea is one that’s been observed by the British for centuries. Among the most common dishes served at mid-afternoon tea are finger-foods like crumpets with jam and clotted cream, dainty watercress sandwiches, and scones with raisins or dried fruits.
The Traditional English food Sunday dinner has a long tradition as being a family occasion the one meal of the week at which all family members gathered. A roast joint of meat beef, lamb, pork, or chicken is nearly a requirement, and it is served with a potato and vegetable, and very often accompanied by Yorkshire pudding.
Puddings and custards feature prominently in British cuisine. Baked, boiled, or steamed, puddings are usually made with suet and breading, and studded with dried fruits and nuts. One of the most popular and delightful British desserts is the trifle, and there are nearly as many variations as there are cooks. The base is a sponge cake, often leftover from another meal. Soaked in Madeira or port, it is layered in a dish with custard, jam, fruits, and Jell-O and topped with whipped cream. The end result is a delicious melange that features all that is good about Traditional English food cookery plain, practical cooking that is meant to fill the belly and satisfy the taste buds.
Perhaps hard to believe, in light of our current environmental concerns and worries over global warming, but our solar energy history stretches back many centuries to when man first used a piece of glass and the sun to start a fire to keep warm and to cook with.
That primitive fire all those centuries ago has given birth to what we now understand and class as solar energy. Our advanced and ever-developing solar systems of today are quite different from a hundred years ago when that primitive fire aside, many recognize the beginnings of modern-day solar energy.
Indeed our modern-day solar energy history dates back as far as the mid-1800s when far-sighted scientists and engineers began writing about how to turn light into energy. However, not much was done about actually putting these writings into practice until a French man, Auguste Mouchout, patented the first design to run a motor from solar energy.
Moving onto the 1870s when a British man, Willoughby Smith, began experimenting with what could be classed as the first solar cells. However, it was William Adams and his use of mirrors who really made a leap. He was able to power a steam engine of 2.5 horsepower and to this day, his groundbreaking achievement, known as the Power Tower, is still used.
(mysterious-higher education The sun has sustained the earth, and fascinated humans since the beginning of time. And as our understanding of physics, and our space technology have advanced, so too, have scientists tried to tackle more questions about the sun, and its effects on the earth. On baffling matter has to do with the temperature just outside the sun’s surface. – It’s a long-standing mystery in plasma astrophysics, at how you create a very hot corona, millions of degrees corona, from a cool star.
Many of us know that the sun’s corona, its atmosphere, is extremely hot.
But maybe what’s not so commonly known is that the actual surface of the sun is surprisingly much cooler than the corona. – higher education To really understand the plasma physics behind this, we have to go there directly, and make measurements, and that’s the mission of the Solar Probe. – higher education Launched in 2018, NASA’s Parker Solar Probe spacecraft has now traveled closer to the sun than any other mission in history, actually penetrating the sun’s atmosphere, to investigate its highly charged magnetic field. – higher education Here at Berkeley, we have the lead responsibility for one of the instrument suits, and we have a major role in one of the other instrument suits as well. We designed, we built, and we operate the bulk of the instrumentation on the spacecraft.
– higher education those instruments are measuring the properties of the solar wind, that rush of electrified particles the magnetic field continually pushes out towards the earth. Understanding the solar wind could inform the key question of the hot corona, and also help us prepare for major disruptions the wind can cause to our spacecraft, satellite communications, and the safety of our astronauts.
Named after Eugene Parker, who developed the solar wind theory, the probe has already sent back many interesting measurements. – higher education The first three encounters of Solar Probe that we’ve had so far has been spectacular. We can see the magnetic structure of the corona, which is an important thing, it tells us where the solar wind is emerging from.
We see impulsive activity, large, what we call jets, or switchbacks, which we think are related to the origin of the solar wind. – higher education The probe also captured information about solar dust, tiny remnants of disintegrated comets or asteroids. – higher education We’re able to measure dust impacts on the spacecraft, and we’re surprised at the kind of ferocity of the dust environment in the inner heliosphere. – higher education Built with the most sophisticated heat protecting shields of any other spacecraft, the probe stays cool with a novel water circulation system that captures and expels the heat into space. It’s also the fastest spacecraft in history.
At 430,000 miles per hour, it could take you from New York to Tokyo in less than a minute.
But it’s clear that the best thing about the mission is all the new knowledge it’s generating. – We’ve been working essentially around the clock, for a decade on this thing. And so to see this data, it’s just a pleasure. I mean the data is so spectacular.
It’s a big case of delayed gratification, but it’s really terrific stuff. I think we’re on the cusp of being able to answer the question of what heats the solar wind.
What we learn from our solar energy history, is that throughout, and despite the continued advancements with solar energy, solar energy never really took off in a big way. Despite government and even royal backing at various points in history, solar energy had many false starts. At one point, the price of coal dropped and the attention of the great and the good moved away from solar energy and back to non-renewable fuels. However, it’s true to say that even as far back as the 1800s there were some who fully understood that our dependence on non-renewable fossil fuels was an environmentally bad idea and they kept on making advancements in utilizing solar energy.
Fast forward wot the 1950s and Bell Labs made one of the big breakthroughs when they discovered that silicon was a great product that could be used as a conductor to create a chemical reaction when light and heat from the sun shone on it. Basically, the solar cell was born. That discovery is the technology that we use today for creating what we know as solar panels.
Solar panels on the tops of roofs are now regular sights in some parts of the world, however as our solar energy history shows us, there is always more we could do to make use of perhaps our biggest asset.
SPEAKER: Every day, billions of people come here with questions about all kinds of things. Google continuously mapping web most times we even get questions about Google Search itself, like how this whole thing actually works. And while this is a subject entire books have been written about, there is a good chance you’re in the market for something a little more concise. So let’s say it’s getting close to dinner and you want a recipe for lasagna. You’ve probably seen this before. But let’s go a little deeper. Since the beginning, back when the home page looked like this, Google has been continuously mapping the web, hundreds of billions of pages, to create something called an index. Think of it as the giant library we look through whenever you do a search for lasagna or anything else. Now, the word lasagna shows up a lot on the web– pages about the history of lasagna, articles by scientists whose last name happened to be Lasagna, stuff other people might be looking for.
But if you’re hungry, randomly clicking through millions of links is no fun. Google continuously mapping web posts This is where Google’s ranking algorithms come into play. First, they try to understand what you’re looking for so they can be helpful even if you don’t know exactly the right words to use or if your spelling is a little off. Then they sift through millions of possible matches in the index and automatically assemble a page that tries to put the most relevant information up top for you to choose from.
OK. Now we have some results. But how did the algorithms actually decide what made it onto the first page? There are hundreds of factors that go into ranking search results. So let’s talk about a few of them. You may already know that pages containing the words you search for are more likely to end up at the top. No surprise there. But the location of those words, like in the page’s title, or in an image’s caption, are factors, too.
There’s a lot more to ranking than just words. Back when Google continuously mapping web got started, we looked at how pages linked to each other to better understand what pages were about and how important and trustworthy they seemed. Today, linking is still an important factor. Another factor is location, where a search happens. Because, if you happen to be in Ormea, Italy, you might be looking for information about their annual lasagna festival. But if you’re in Omaha, Nebraska, you probably aren’t. When a web page was uploaded is an important factor, too. Pages published more recently often have more accurate information, especially in the case of a rapidly developing news story. Of course, not every site on the web is trying to be helpful. Just like with robocalls on your phone or spam in your email, there are a lot of sites that only exist to scam.
And every day, scammers upload millions more of them. So just because InstantVirusDownload.net lists the words “lasagna recipe” 400 times, that doesn’t mean it’s going to help you make dinner. We spend a lot of time trying to stay one step ahead of tricks like these, making sure our algorithms can recognize scam sites and flag them before they make it to your search results page. So let’s review. Billions of times a day, whenever someone searches for lasagna, or resume writing tips, or how to swaddle a baby, or anything else, Google software locates all the potentially relevant results on the web, removes all the spam, and ranks them based on hundreds of factors, like keywords, links, location, and freshness. OK. Good time to take a breath. This last part is about how we make changes to Search. And it’s important.
Since 1998, when Google continuously mapping web went online, people seem to have found our results pretty helpful. But the web is always changing and people are always searching for new things. In fact, one in every seven searches is for something that’s never been typed into the search box before by anyone ever. So we’re always working on updates to Search, thousands every year. This brings up a big question. How do we decide whether a change is making Search more helpful? Well, one of the ways we evaluate potential updates to Search is by asking people like you. Every day, thousands of Search quality raters look at samples of Search results side by side, then give feedback about the relevance and reliability of the information.
To make sure those evaluations are consistent, the raters follow a list of Search quality evaluator guidelines. Think of them as our publicly available guide to what makes a good result good. Oh, and one last thing to remember. We use responses from raters to evaluate changes. But they don’t directly impact how Search results are ranked. So there you have it. Every time you click Search, our algorithms are analyzing the meaning of the words in your search, matching them to the content on the web, understanding what content is most likely to be helpful and reliable, and then automatically put it all together in a neatly organized page designed to get you the info you need.
All in, oh Google continuously mapping web, 0.81 seconds? Wow. Anyone else ready for dinner? Interested in learning more? We’ve got a whole website dedicated to how Search works. Just click right here. Want to read the Search Quality Rater Guidelines for yourself? Click right here.
People are an interesting, yet really odd creature. Despite our apparent stupidity, we have had the ability to attain great points. However where do we originate from? Allow’s explore the background of the human race. To put it just, history is the research study of humanity’s advancement with time, from its origins to today. Around 6 million years earlier, in Africa, humans as well as monkeys shared a typical ancestor for the last time. After that, each genus developed its very own method. With time, various types of people with different characteristics came to presence and established.
Human ancestors were hunter-gatherers. They slowly advanced and also began to walk on 2 legs around 3 million years back. This allowed their singing cords to be developped, which allowed a lot more intricate noises to be generated, eventually causing the development of language. Undoubtedly, language was very primitive in the beginning. Early human beings likewise began to shed body hair to stop them from overheating in the savanna and also to have darker skin to safeguard them from the sunlight. Around 2 million years ago, human forefathers started to leave Africa, slowly infecting Europe and Asia. The skin of those that went north, where there was less sunshine, progressively became lighter to soak up even more sun-rays, necessary for the healthiness of the body. Throughout that time, early human beings began to utilize rock tools and to cooperate with each other making them extra effective at enduring. This was the start of what historians call the Stone Age. Then, the exploration of fire (thought to be around 1 million years ago) ad several advantages, among them the cooking of food, that made meals much more healthy and contributed to the development of the human mind.
Expertise started to be shared and also given to more youthful generations by oral tradition. Culture likewise began to create, serving the feature of enhancing bonds in between members of a community. Around 200 000 years back, the types Humankind (also known as us) came to existence. On the other hand other human species slowly went instinct, although we do not actually understand why. Nevertheless, just we continued to be around 40 000 years ago. This is likewise the duration where some people moved from Asia to America by crossing the Beringia land bridge constructed from ice. Around 10 000 years ago, the global temperature obtained warmer as well as the Beringia Bridge thawed, separating people in America from the rest of the world. Around the exact same time, in multiple places, human beings began to expand plants beside their houses.
This was the farming revolution. Individuals also started to reproduce as well as tame pets, feeding them with the plants they would certainly expanded. The innovation of agriculture substantially altered human societies, permitting communities to remain in the very same area rather than frequently having to relocate to locate new sources. Likewise, with pedestrianization, not everybody required any longer to have superb hunting abilities. People could currently count on the abilities of others to endure. So, some began to become specialists of specific tasks, which made human societies establish at a fantastic speed. As farming got a lot more reliable, neighborhoods obtained extra arranged and social hierarchies appeared. Small villages became big cities, huge cities grouped together to develop empires and also the first human beings were birthed. Writing was designed around 5500 years ago. It assisted to put order in neighborhoods, as laws were now composed. Around 5000 years back, stone tools were progressively changed by bronze tools, which were even more reliable. This was the beginning of the Bronze Age. At that time, there were 6 significant people in the world, all located near gutters, due to the fact that it suggested the planet was abundant for farming.
2 of these worlds remained in America: the Mayans in Mesoamerica as well as the Incas in Central Andes. The others were the Babylonians in Mesopotamia, the Egyptians near the Nile Valley, the Chinese near the Huang He River and the Indians near the Indus Valley. Developed around 5000 years back in Mesopotamia, the wheel permitted sources to be transported over long distances. Also at that time, individuals started to train particular pets, that is to claim to precisely reproduce the people with benefits for humans (for instance lamb with fluffier hair).
Domestication substantially contributed to the development of human beings. Nonetheless, due to the fact that there weren’t a great deal of useful animals to breed in Africa (just slow-moving camels) and also in America (just persistent lamas), the human beings located on those continents advanced at a slower price than the others. The Bronze Age was adhered to by the Iron Age around 3000 years back. It’s likewise around that time that the initial significant religious beliefs emerged: Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism and also Confucianism. Lots of people concerned existence in this millennium, one of the most popular ones being the Greek Realm as well as the Roman Empire. The Greek Realm had a very rich society as well as made important payments to mathematics and also approach. It is also the initial civilization to be partly autonomous, suggesting that its residents might join the political events.
As to the Roman Realm, it was incredibly well arranged. With its massive military, it was able to overcome as well as rule for centuries the coasts of the Mediterranean Sea. 2000 years ago, Christianity emerged after the birth of Jesus. Around 1500 years earlier, the western division of the Roman Empire fell to the hands of Barbarians, splitting Europe right into little kingdoms. Each one was ruled by a king living in a castle and peasants were required to work for him. This was the Medieval Age. As kingdoms really did not interact that much with each other, ideas quit being shared as well as progression reduced. Islam was moneyed around 1400 years back. During that time, the Catholic Church ended up being very effective, ruling the lives of all Christians. Around 1000 to 700 years back, it even tried out multiple occasions to expand its impact on the globe with campaigns in the Islamic Center East.
Around 700 years ago, exchange in between cities significantly boosted. Cash and also financial institutions were created. All this economic task in towns resulted in a significant increase of the urban population. Cities swiftly ended up being overpopulated, which produced perfect conditions for diseases to spread. It is thought that the black plague, which took place around 650 years earlier, killed countless individuals, greater than one third of Europe’s populace at the time. The increase in commercial exchanges considerably increased progress and growth. Beginning 600 years ago in Italy, a cultural movement led by humanists sought to find the clinical and imaginative expertise of the Classical times.
This was the Renaissance. At the same time, some people begin to examine the church’s convictions, Could religion be playing a part in the relative success of Europe’s economies Protestantism. Around 550 years back, the funding of the Oriental Empire, Constantinople, fell to the hands of the Footrest Realm. The Ottomans enforced a clog to Europeans, avoiding them from patronizing Asians. This blockade required Kingdoms of Europe to locate a new roadway in the direction of Asia. Spain, Portugal, France, England as well as the Netherlands were the major kingdoms in competition. Their plan was to get around the African continent by ships to then reach Asia. However, some expeditions ended up in an absolutely various continent. The initial expedition to reach America was the one led by Christopher Columbus. Around 500 years ago, the scientific transformation happened, despite strong opposition from the Church.
The significant advancements were primarily in Math, Chemistry and Astronomy. Seeing that there were several beneficial sources in America, Europeans started to colonize the” New Globe”. Regardless of their substandard number of soldiers, they quickly annihilated Natives. This happened not only because Europeans had advanced weapons, however also since they gave America plagues to which the Natives weren’t immune. The reason that they were upsurges in Europe however not in America is that Europeans stayed in the excellent conditions for plagues to spread: alongside animals in insalubrious as well as overpopulated cities, while Indigenous Americans lived in relatively little cities much from each various other. So, contrarily to Europeans, Natives never developed immunity to epidemics. When colonization was completed, the resources of the nests were exploited only for the earnings of European kingdoms.
Irritated by oppression’s triggered by absolute monarchy and religious beliefs, some individuals started around 300 years ago a motion in France for liberty, society and progression. They attempted to enlighten and also convince the rest of the populace that democracy was much better than monarchy. This was the age of knowledge. This movement at some point led to prominent revolutions in several nations, including the USA of America and also France. Starting around 250 years earlier in Great Britain, the industrial revolution substantially altered human cultures. New devices, primarily based upon the steam engine, were designed as well as factories were created. Performance and also urbanization significantly enhanced, as brand-new individuals were coming into cities to operate in factories. However, most of these poor workers had terrible working problems, as they had a small wage and also dealt with dangerous equipment. So, to shield their civil liberties, syndicates were developed as well as laws were embraced. Around 150 years ago, the major nations of Europe needed new sources of raw material, as a lot of the American nests had come to be independent. So, European nations chose, by using pressure, to conquer Africa and South Asia, who were much less industrially developed. Their domination over their colonies was economic, political and also cultural. The surge of nationalism in Europe and stress between countries ultimately cause the First World War around 100 years earlier.
After the war, individuals started to purchase deluxe items once more, so the global economic climate was thriving. These were the Roaring Twenties. Nevertheless, this craze quickly disappeared concerning 85 years back when the Great Crash took place as well as lots of people lost their task. The worldwide economic crisis cause the rise to power of totalitarians. Probably one of the most popular historic number, Adolf Hitler put the blame of the situation on Jews as well as began to remove them. He likewise sought to conquer the remainder of the globe. This began the 2nd World War concerning 75 years ago, which ended 6 years later. After the war, the countries of the globe congregated and also decided to develop global companies to prevent one more world war from occurring and also to make certain global peace. The United Nations was absolutely one of the most essential company created during that time. Throughout the following decades, 2 financial superpowers with entirely various political views fought each other for the control of the globe.
The USA of America counted on capitalism and assumed that the economy should be managed by private proprietors, while the Soviet Union believed in communism and believed that the economic climate should be controlled by the state. This was the Cold War and it took lots of kinds: the space race, the nuclear arms race, the Korean Battle, the Vietnam Battle, you name it! Throughout that time, the decolonization of Africa and Asia occurred, developing the Third World.
The Cold War formally ended 25 years back when the Soviet Union was dissolved. Around the very same time, personal computers ended up being widely readily available, enabling people to have access to the Net. This substantially enhanced global interactions, which added to create as well as global area. And here we are, after 6 million years of advancement. The lifestyle of human beings has actually never ever been far better. We still deal with numerous obstacles, but by picking up from the past, we will certainly find a method to solve these concerns. Or maybe not. Somehow, history will certainly be made!.