How Railways Changed Charles Dickens – STAPLEHURST 1865

Good morning each person and welcome to anew video not just a new video a brand new era of videos indeed a brand new era of filminglike you guys we’re stuck indoors so we’re doing the right thing and stayingat residence and we’re making a series of videos centered around transportationhistory and such quirky stories that with a bit of luck seize your imagination andinterest clearly we’re copying Rebecca’s channel but for transport anyway so brand new video is a incidentinvolving Charles Dickens and a coach incident back in the 1860s so become a member of us for anew generation of filming today’s story takes us to Kent and in distinctive a stretchof line between headcorn and staple erst this bridge was once a site of accidentinvolving Charles Dickens a query that still remains though is why wasDickens now not mentioned within the immediate newspaper studies and why did he refuseto go to the inquest all this and more in modern transport historical past shorts each day a ship educate or a tidaltrain because it was extra most of the time recognized would lift passengers from Folkstonedown in Kent again up to London the passengers would have taken a dailycross-channel ferry is regularly predominant to note that it’s referred toas a tidal coach for a intent it was certainly one of only a few trains which failed to reallyrun to unique timetable and adjusted from each day the instruct itself wasquite lengthy it consisted of the loco and guards van a 2d-class carriage foralmost seven quality carriages to additional 2d-category carriages and thenfree brake vehicles so the ability to gradual this train down was once within the type of theengine loco itself after which free guards so three guards had been put onvarious elements on the educate the primary preserve was within the guards van immediatelybehind the loco and then to further guards controlled two of the three rearbrake trucks conversation used to be mentioned to be superb between all 4 and at any onepoint they might damage 5 of the fourteen cars of the coach so the firstbrake van managed the 2d-classification instruct and a first-rate coachimmediately thereafter and obviously the brake vans within the rear had been independentand they could destroy themselves and certainly the loco itself socommunication was completed between these through a whistling method this used to be tried andtested.Tested and it was an acceptedcommunication system for southeastern railway in order the train travels westacross Kent on its means again to London we note that we’ve a noted witness onboard but why precisely is Dickens on the educate to reply that we need to go backto 1857 he was once writing a play and hard an actress upon recommendation couldEllen Ternan she would were just 18 on the time he forged her in his play thefrozen deep in Manchester of August that year Dickens in turn and quickly fell inlove and at the time Dickens did beunthinkable and divorced his then-spouse Katherine Hoggardtruly unprecedented at the time and so again to 1865 Dickens along with Ellen and hermother are getting back from a smash in Paris about to be worried in an eventthat consistent with Dickens son would in no way see in the same man again aroundeight weeks previous to the accident the stretch of line between head corn andstaplers which is totally straight there was a gang of guys engaged on theline they’ve been exchanging the longer chewed”’l sleepers that carried the rails now they consisted of 4 carpenters onelaborer and free plate layers they’d become tremendously efficient over theseeight weeks and swiftly changing these timbers the foreman of this gang Johnbenge had a clear and relevant role it is been that implies he must be intellectualfor the job he had labored for the organization for ten years and knew this areavery good as he’d labored on it particularly for 2 years and tenmonths as a way to expedite the method of labor he used to be dependable for selectingintervals between time tables so the workers would go about their repairsaccording to South japanese Railway approach this was flawlessly acceptableand in negated the have to make a double-trackeffectively into a single line the foreman would comfortably determine the dailytimetable and work round it apparently this particular staff theleading chippie had additionally been offered with a timetable nevertheless it was once oflittle use to him because it had been reduce in two by using the wills of a coach so the gangemployed a signalman he was once often referred to as a flagman for obvious motives hewould stroll a suite distance away from where the works have been and he would standholding his flag if necessary so it used to be also given a number of fog detonatorsthey recorded you assume they location him on the track educate goes over detonatorgoes off alerts the motive force there’s chance ahead so on the day and the weeksleading up to it John benjin his group are completed 29 out of the 32 repairsare they have been set to take action they’d free left to do on the 9th of Junebefore breakfast had already accomplished the first soon after breakfast theyworked on the 2nd and accomplished it – with quality success so that they had one moreleft to do the workforce themselves have been quite proud of the effectivity used to be whichthey labored in all of the eight weeks up until this point they did not have tostop one passenger coach that was once a excellent recordthey most effective train they needed to stop was a ballast coach and so they presumed thatthe distance the flagman the flag man was standing was once sufficientbecause the palace teach was in a position to stop sufficiently in time havingexamined the timetable in his breakfast slot John bench had already planned theworks on the road for the ultimate boat restore he located the gap within the timetablebetween the 254 on the down educate and the 4:15 p.M.On the updespite as a minimum eight weeks of repairs what John bench forgot to take intoconsideration was the varying instances of the total coach on repair numberthirty-two this could show to be a mistake with disastrous consequencesdespite southeastern railway regulations pointing out that the flag man ought to stand atleast 1,000 yards away from the works we all know that John wills that instructed hestood and what was referred to as the tenth Telegraph we now understand this to be 554yards away from the works not a thousand however he assumed the whole lot wasForeman considering that in his experience he’d stopped a ballast instruct and so they knewthat there used to be ample house but because the works they’ve done over the lasteight weeks was once so efficient there was once no expertise in stopping apassenger coach now not only this but he was additionally carrying the detonators with himbut he had assumed that they have been simplest for use in fog in different words whenthe driver would not be able to look the flagman this used to be additionally a enormous mistake sowe’re back on the teach and were traveling 50 miles an hour via ahead corn station heading towards staple hearse on the straight monitor Lord of thegang no but is heading straight for them and the 42-foot of missing track thefragment sees the instruct coming near and holds up his flagdoes trap the attention of the motive force the driver merely places a educate in Reverseand sends out the verbal exchange whistle to the other guards on the instruct theyalso follow their brakes lamentably it was once too late twolengths of rail measuring forty two feet in complete had been removed and with a traintraveling at their velocity when the driving force thirst smooth mad when John wills554 yards was no longer adequate distance to sluggish the teach earlier than it reached themissing component of rail amid Lee above the viaduct the engine made it acrossthe viaduct carried almost certainly consumers momentum the smooth and the primary andsecond type carriage also stayed upright and aligned selected Dickens wassituated within the subsequent coach the first-rate lodging was once the firstcoach to suffer I was left placing over the brink of the river embankment thefollowing six coaches had been in more than a few states of damage but all with themwithin the mud and the riverbed it fairly that is the place the majority ofserious injuries and deaths happened the whole coach consisted of 80 first-classpassengers and 35 second-classification of which this disaster saw eight females andfreemen die with forty critically injured it was said that as most effective the rails had beenremoved no longer yet the longer to t’l beams this acted virtually as a rail for theTrain and carried it throughout a forty two feet part had that been removed we may just belooking at specific accident altogether it was beaned they had the self easternrailways regulations but it did to the accident do not need happened and thetrain would have made it to his destination so number one John wills hadhe had been stood a thousand yards then they would deem that the instruct wouldhave enough time to discontinue had he additionally positioned the 5 detonators then also thedriver would have heard the demise ah–this and again stopped the trainbefore the work subject it was also deemed that as this variety of repair fell into acertain category no expertise of the repairs over the ten weeks was made tothe head engineer due to this fact it wasn’t long-established potential and the drivers had noindication of any potential dilemma that head on the road forward of them Johnbench Foreman of the plate layers was finally blamed nothing fell on therailway organization on the time and that used to be not often the case the result of thecoroner’s inquest is a verdict of manslaughter and the document red Johnbench was once to serve six months rough labor for his crime so what became of ourfamous witness well Charles Dickens was an highly fortunate man as had been hiscompanions he was left in the first high-quality instruct placing over the edgeof the riverbank when he made certain that his companions were trustworthy he climbed outand i will learn you an extract of a letter they sent his surgeon in thepreceding days thereafter watching down I saw nothing below me but the line ofrail some individuals within the other two cubicles close with the aid of had been madly tryingto plunge out of the window and had no concept that there was once an open swampy field15 feet down under them and nothing else two guards one with his face cut aboverunning up and down on the down aspect of the bridge which used to be now not torn up quitewildly I known as out to them appear at me do not discontinue an immediate and appear at me andtell me whether or no longer you do not know me one among them answered we know you verywell mr.Dickens then I said my good fellow for God’s sake give me your keyand ship a kind of labourers here and i will empty this carriage possiblybecause Dickens didn’t wish to be referred to as a hero however equally in all likelihood becausehe failed to need to be recognized that he used to be on the educate in any respect there used to be littleevidence in the papers and the studies of the accident that he used to be on board atall he had no intention of turning up on the inquest soon after whilst apotential key witness he was once nonetheless later stated the letter ended Idon’t want to be examined and the inquest and i don’t need to write aboutit I could do no excellent either method and that i would handiest seem to converse about myselfwhich of course i’d rather now not do and maintaining very quiet right here i have a Idon’t recognize what you name it constitutional presence of mind andwriting these scanty words recollection or feel the shake and i’mobliged to stop ever faithfully Charles Dickens

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