The Seven Years War: Crash Course World History #26

Hi I’m John Green and this is the Crash Course series on World History Today we will talk about war. Uh! Explosions everywhere! Therefore, historians are inclined towards wars, because they have clearly defined beginnings, halves, and ends And because they always contain enough share of drama and death And seriously injured generals with great last words like: “Let’s cross the river and rest under the shade of these trees,” Whereas the plague’s last words were usually: “Aggghg” Sorry, the plague victims and you did not have enough problems. Now you have me and my necks about your moribund, in which I go Wars have easy times, places, and causes 1861-1865 United States. North against South to end slavery and maintain unity. Mr. Green, Mr. Green. You will show us the complexities hidden behind something We think we already understand it a second time? Sorry, I’m from the past, but yes. However, there are some explosions to appease you. The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries saw a series of first-class wars But today we will focus on the 7-year war, also called the Franco-Indian War The first real world war was Churchill’s heavyweight historians called World War I. But we were so European-oriented in our program that we would all say about total war In Europe, Prussia and Great Britain fought France and Austria The Austrian Habsburgs wanted to restore Silesia but failed to do so. That’s all you get, Europe. If the seven-year war lasts for … anyone … anyone … Twenty-three years. I hate you, I am from the past. But, as it happens by accident, you are not necessarily mistaken. [Emblem music] If the date of occurrence: The seven-year war began in 1756 and ended in 1763. Unless you, as many historians believe, the 7-year war lasted 23 years Because it was really a continuation of the War of the Austrian Succession. So here’s the fact that most of the information in today’s episode is taken from a book named: The Seven Years’ World War: 1754-1763, “Nine Years”. Its sides have been between the British and the French, which appear here to re-represent Fight knives from either Beat It or Westside Story, depending on your age group. But some of the British were Americans, and both the British and the French were supported By American Indians.There was war in India between Indians, British and French. As already noted, the French were fighting the Prussians and the British were fighting the Austrians. Location: Europe, continental United States, Caribbean and on the shores of Africa and India Basically, the world. The reason is earth. The British colonists wanted to expand west of the 13 main colonies. That land was technically under the control of the French, who left it alone without the commercial centers They were like saying “I don’t believe the English.” Thank you, four years of high school French. In any case, the war wasn’t really for the land; it was really for our old trade friend. The British wanted to expand inward to an American to allow more colonists Because the British benefited from both the export of raw materials from the Americas And the supply of British consumer goods to the Americas. More colonists mean more trade, more wealth and luxury hats. The French realized that the British Atlantic Atlantic trade was making Britain rich So much so that the British went to the important colonies of France that were not in America But it was slave-based sugar plantations in the Caribbean So the fighting started almost here and while the British sent actual British troops, Most of the fighting was initially carried out by militias from the colonies. The most famous British soldier commander was a Virginia colonel named George Washington. In fact, it may have been the shooting that began at the Battle of Fort Neste In May 1945, Washington was captured in that battle and then released immediately Because the war of the eighteenth century was very strange. However, real North American events took place in New York and Canada. In the battle at the Plains of Abraham in 1759, for example, the British defeated the French They took control of Quebec. British commander General Wolfie and French General Montcalm Killed in this battle, with the perpetuation of the first death In this famous painting, painted by Benjamin West: As the picture shows, almost all the battles in North America involved a clear engagement By Native Americans. Various indigenous tribes sided with both the British and the French, but as a broad generalization Native Americans were more inclined to support the French. Until then, the smart Indian tribes were able to manipulate the British and the French Against each other and maintain a degree of autonomy for themselves. As long as the French were present, the British were forbidden to crawl a lot On land that Native Americans used for hunting and farming. Now, we didn’t talk much about American Indians, mainly because they were isolated Geographically and did not have a written language. But let’s give them a bubble of ideas. Before the Europeans arrived, most Native Americans lived in tribal groups. They subsist on a variety of small-scale farming, hunting and gathering Depending on where they settled The number of tribes found exceeds the limit of generalization around specific social structures But we can say that on the issue of gender equality is more sophisticated than Europeans. Which may explain why European women who were taken hostage sometimes preferred Staying with that tribe to be rescued although that is somewhat controversial. One of the things we can say about Indians: their perceptions of the meaning of property It was very different from what was adopted by the Europeans, Indians did not own land in the European sense They’ve used it, not always specifically intensely. Europeans, when they came to North America, had a hard time realizing that Indians They were growing crops, because their farming methods were different from those of Europeans, The French, especially the British, assumed that the Indians did not improve the land This meant that they did not own the land, so that meant it was normal for Europeans to take it As you can imagine, it was a cause of trouble for Indians. In general, the Indian tribes agreed better with the French than with the Dutch Or the English because the 1-French did not settle in large numbers, They were also mostly fur traders and sellers, and 2. French missionaries Those who went to the Americas were Catholics, usually Jesus, and were determined to guide the Indians They took the time to learn Indian and tried to make Catholicism more receptive For Indian religion. The end result of the war, a significantly less French presence, on American soil, This meant that Indians could no longer manipulate the French and the British against each other Which opened the gates on its capacity to the British wishing to settle In the end, American Indians were the biggest losers of the 7-year war. Thank you Thought Bubble. So, 2,000 miles south, in the Caribbean, Fighting was found between the French and the British over sugar colonies. Most of these were naval battles, and by 1761 the Spaniards intervened Because, you know, they had some of their sugar colonies. While he writes a lot about these battles, it’s interesting to note that so far, The greatest threat to the belligerents, was the disease. By October 1761 the British had lost 1,000 men to war and 5,000 to disease. In West Africa, the British and the French fought there because … why not? The British attacked the French at a commercial point called Saint Louis. Oh, Stan, don’t make me I say it correctly. OK. Saint Louis. In a town called Gori, why not in Senegal? Well, trade, of course Senegal was the main source of gum Arabic, which is famous for several of the most important reasons It is the main component in the phenomenon of cola diet and mentos So certainly the British wanted a lot of it. The French were also fighting the British in India. In the 18th century India was ruled by the Mughal Empire. You misspelled it, right? HowJSay: Mogul John: Yeah, that sounds more reasonable. But as in most of its history, India’s real power rests in the hands of local kings The princes are sometimes called deputies. These princes, like their European counterparts, were always in power struggles And control more areas. To get there, they usually sought help, especially military, from the Europeans. That’s what happened in the most ugly event of the 7-year war in India, the black hole of Calcutta In June 1756 the British governor of Calcutta.Roger Drake erred and insulted the envoys By Siraj deputies I would like a dawla who besieged and took over The English garrison of 500 men with its 30,000-strong army. Drake escaped to nearby ships with the town’s women and her children you know the old saying, Women, children and rulers first, But the city’s defenders remained, and the survivors were imprisoned in a small room No windows, later known as the black hole. 40 to 63 prisoners were suffocated during the night. This story is more famous, in a war that killed a million people Because the British press exaggerated the numbers in order to gather support for the war in India. It is not the last time that exaggeration of enemy brutality will be used to rally support for war. Probably the most interesting thing about military campaigns in this part of the world Is that, at least in principle, it has not been incubated by the governments themselves But by companies that had their own armies. The British East India Company was the most successful among these mainly Because of the military skill of its leader Robert Clive Oh, it’s time for the open letter? An open letter to Robert Clive. But first, let’s see what is in the secret compartment today. Oh, bubbles, that makes sense, Stan The British East India Company was involved in many early market bubbles. Hmmm, bubbles. Dear Robert Clive, I was a complicated man, not really liked But you won a very important battle at Blassie in 1757. The way you win says a lot about the relationship between Europe and its colonies. Therefore, the key to your success was a conspiracy to overthrow the existing deputies Woven by the Sith family of Bangladeshi banking.No, Stan. Al Seth. Yeah. let’s go. In thanks to your support for their plot, the new MPs quickly signed a truce with your company British East India Company. That is, the British had control over trade in Bengal and the French were excluded. This was a very important area because it produced cheap silk and cotton fabrics for export. This gave the British a decision advantage over the French and eventually allowed them to control all of India It has done so, Robert Clive, mainly through incitement to revolution. You didn’t succeed and never with the CIA? Best Wishes, John Green. So, now you probably have discovered that since the French continued to lose the battles and then the war. The Basic Peace Truce, signed in Paris in 1763 with a limited French presence in the Caribbean, India and North America. Although this was not fully done, In other words they would not have been able to sell Louisiana to Thomas Jefferson in 1803 So it was clear that France was exhausted but overall, Britain also weakened. One of the rare things is the real human cost of war. Nearly a million warriors died in the Seven Years’ War, but even that doesn’t tell the whole story. In the 18th century armies returned to feed themselves in search of food, which usually meant looting the countryside In Europe, a Prussian province lost a fifth of its population as a result of looting. In North America, settlers in border areas lived in constant fear of invasions. One of the least known consequences of the war was organized deportation. For the French academics from Maine to Louisiana where they became Cajunians. This means that the stars of the television programs are mainly the lobsters and the swampy war They are the same people. what is that? No TV show called Swamp War? Stan, cancel everything I received on Discovery’s phone. One last thing about wars: it’s expensive. In the 1756 the British national debt was 7 million pounds; in 1763 it was 133 million pounds. That price had to be paid, and the British felt it was fair for American colonists to pay. These taxes, which helped ignite the American Revolution, as a result of the seven-year war. So somehow, the victory of the Seven Years’ War cost Britain its first empire. But when we remember it was a world war, especially when we think about what happened in India So the seven-year war looks like a beginning Britain’s Second Empire, and much greater. Winning is loss Winning is loss. Well is life, so is history. thanks for watching. See you next week. Crash Course was produced and directed by Stan Muller and script supervisor Danica Johnson. My high school teacher Raoul Meyer wrote the program and graphics designed by Thought Bubble. The words last week were: “You’re a grandfather.” You can guess this week’s sentence Or suggest future sentences. You can do this in the comments and you can also ask questions About today’s episode which will be answered by our historians. Thank you for watching for sure As we say in my hometown: “Don’t forget to be great.”

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